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Trade measures passed by the US Congress violated both US laws and World Trade Organization rules, Chen Deming, minister of commerce, said on Wednesday.
The US House of Representatives passed a measure on Tuesday confirming that the Commerce Department could impose higher duties on goods from China for, they claimed, subsidizing exports. The Senate passed it on Monday.
At a press briefing during the National People's Congress, Chen said that the government had been "abiding by" WTO rules in terms of subsidies.
"The US always likes to point a finger at China and say 'China is not abiding by the rules' when its own economy is encountering problems," Chen said. But it seldom elaborates exactly what rules are being broken, he added.
His remarks followed the 370-39 vote in the House of Representatives in favor of the bill to impose countervailing duties on goods.
The bill was in response to a ruling by the US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit last December that stated that US countervailing duty law, (imposing trade penalties) cannot be applied to what it described as "non-market economies".
The legislation will now be passed to US President Barack Obama to sign.
"Such behavior is not in line with international trade rules, nor is it in line with American law," Chen said.
The government, according to Chen, has not provided any subsidies that "are prohibited by the global trade arbitrator", and "we are willing to consult with the US on the issue, if there are any problematic subsidies by local governments," he said.
Chinese trade experts said that the US is merely politicizing the issue as it is considered a vote-getter during election year.