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Song Zhenhao, a research fellow with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences who leads a team of experts researching the inscriptions, described the new findings as another breakthrough since such inscriptions were discovered more than 110 years ago.
He said no new characters from oracle bone inscriptions had been reported in the 32 years since the Compilation of Oracle Bone Inscriptions was published by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in 1980.
Inscriptions written on tortoise shells and animal bones represent the original characters of the Chinese written language.
He said the six new characters were found among a 1,700-piece collection of bone inscription relics housed in the Lushun City Museum. It is the only known collection that has not yet been studied by authoritative oracle bone inscription experts.
Studying the relic collection in the Lushun City Museum was listed as one of China's State social fund projects earlier this month, and Song is the project's chief expert.
Song said the team took rubbings from the text images of the 1,700 pieces and photographed them, which led to the characters being identified.
He said an initial study showed that the 1,700 pieces of bone inscriptions were made to keep records on agriculture, religion, weather and wars 3,000 years ago during the Shang Dynasty (c.16th century-11th century BC).
Wang Ruo, deputy director of the Lushun City Museum, said that the experts believe the six new characters are nouns that refer to the names of specific places or people.
"Experts are still working to decipher the characters," he said.
Among these relics, one part of a whole picture of inscriptions has 150 characters. Such a long article is rare among bone inscriptions, Song said.